Skip to main content

Inheriting from Multiple Base Classes

In the past articles we saw how we can make a class inherit from another class. This way we could have a new class with features of the base class without explicitly defining them. But what if, we want to have a new class with features form more than one class. In other words, Is it possible for a derived class to inherit multiple base classes (two or more).

Yes it’s possible!

The general from for deriving a class from multiple classes is:


  class derived-class:access-specifier base1,access-specifier base2...
  {
    ...
    ...
    ...
  };

The following example program illustrates multiple inheritance practically:


  // -- INHERITANCE --
  // Program to illustrate multiple
  // inheritance
  #include<iostream.h>

  // base class (1)
  class base1
  {
  protected:
    int a;

  public:
    void showa(){cout<<a<<"\n";}
  };

  // base class (2)
  class base2
  {
  protected:
    int b;

  public:
    void showb(){cout<<b<<"\n";}
  };

  // derived class
  // inherits both base1 and base2
  // NOTE: Both the base class have
  // access-specifier
  class derived:public base1,public base2
  {
  protected:
    int c;

  public:
    void set(int n1,int n2,int n3)
    {
      a=n1;b=n2;c=n3;
    }

    void show()
    {
      cout<<a<<"\n"<<b<<"\n"<<c<<"\n";
    }
  };

  void main(void)
  {
    derived d;

    d.set(10,20,30);

    // access base's members
    d.showa();
    d.showb();


    // access derived's member
    d.show();
  }

Related Articles:

Popular posts from this blog

Fix For Toshiba Satellite "RTC Battery is Low" Error (with Pictures)

RTC Battery is Low Error on a Toshiba Satellite laptop "RTC Battery is Low..." An error message flashing while you try to boot your laptop is enough to panic many people. But worry not! "RTC Battery" stands for Real-Time Clock battery which almost all laptops and PCs have on their motherboard to power the clock and sometimes to also keep the CMOS settings from getting erased while the system is switched off.  It is not uncommon for these batteries to last for years before requiring a replacement as the clock consumes very less power. And contrary to what some people tell you - they are not rechargeable or getting charged while your computer or laptop is running. In this article, we'll learn everything about RTC batteries and how to fix the error on your Toshiba Satellite laptop. What is an RTC Battery? RTC or CMOS batteries are small coin-shaped lithium batteries with a 3-volts output. Most laptops use

The Best Way(s) to Comment out PHP/HTML Code

PHP supports various styles of comments. Please check the following example: <?php // Single line comment code (); # Single line Comment code2 (); /* Multi Line comment code(); The code inside doesn't run */ // /* This doesn NOT start a multi-line comment block /* Multi line comment block The following line still ends the multi-line comment block //*/ The " # " comment style, though, is rarely used. Do note, in the example, that anything (even a multi-block comment /* ) after a " // " or " # " is a comment, and /* */ around any single-line comment overrides it. This information will come in handy when we learn about some neat tricks next. Comment out PHP Code Blocks Check the following code <?php //* Toggle line if ( 1 ) {      // } else {      // } //*/ //* Toggle line if ( 2 ) {      // } else {      // } //*/ Now see how easy it is to toggle a part of PHP code by just removing or adding a single " / " from th

Designing a Simple Order Form Application in PHP

Ok guys, for this post we’re going to create a simple yet complete order form page. Order forms are used on many sites to take customers order online. Order forms should have the capability to take orders from visitors regarding what items they want to purchase and store the information for further processing. For this post’s example, we are going to create an order form for a Book Seller. The form will be designed to take order of five different items (books). Our order form application should be able to take order of five different items in any separate quantities tht user wants, it should also ask for shipping address and name of the customer. It should then store the information provided in a file along with the date and time order was placed. The application should also be able to take any number of orders and store them all linearly for further human processing. For this, we need a front end of a HTML form to which the user would interact a